Pierre-Auguste Renoir, more commonly known as Auguste Renoir, was among the leading contemporary Impressionist of the 19th century. Versatility regarding different forms of art runs in his blood and probably passed down to his children and grandkids also. His children transcended in acting, filmmaking and pottery. His grandchild is Claude Renoir, the famous movie maker.
Renoir was born in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France, in 1841 to a tailor who later moved to Paris in the prospect of fortune. Renoir was a prodigy kid and a Jack of all trades from the very beginning. He was quite skilled at drawing and painting but was more gifted in singing. His choir mentor motivated him to take up singing, but unfortunately, his family was not that well off to support his singing endeavours financially.
He then joined the work in a ceramic factory to raise money at the age of a mere thirteen years. His hands were skilled for such kind of a work but did not find the content from within to continue it. His heart yearned to paint which he did casually to earn few pennies now and then. The factory industrialised and he was fired.
Influences: He then entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, a famous art school, in 1862, where he was mentored by Charles Gleyre and befriended fellow painter apprentices Frédéric Bazille, Claude Monet, and Alfred Sisley. They changed his perception of modern art which reflected in his style of Impressionism. He later turned to be a massive influence for prolific painters, one of them being Pablo Picasso.
Artworks: Renoir’s style was heavily engraved with Impressionism and feminine portrait depicting nudity and feline features of his models in some of his paintings. In his later years, he withdrew from Impressionism and resorted back to Realism and Classical painting style.
1. Two Sisters The two young girls portrayed on the restaurant Maison Fournaise, where one of the other very famous painting of Renior: Luncheon of the Boating Party is also based. The use of brush strokes makes the theme of impressionism even more clear and bright. The elder girl grew up to become a famous actress Jeanne Darlot.
2. Dance At Le Moulin De La Galette Often stated as one of the most expensive painting to be ever sold, the painting is an exact example of Impressionism at its very core. The setting of the painting is at a cafe in Paris near Renoir’s dwelling. The loose use of strokes and leaves in the sunlight providing the komorebi effect is very minutely incorporated in the painting at every level.
3. Dance At Bougival It shows Renoir’s friends Suzanne Valadon and Paul Auguste Llhote. This painting differs from the theme of impressionism and sways more towards the classical realistic way of painting.
4. Madame Georges Charpentier And Her Children
It was one of the major breakthroughs for Renoir through which he got critically acclaimed and financially prosperous. The typical impressionism concept is portrayed beautifully in the picture. Here, a woman of a wealthy household sits with her two children and a dog.